Framework for Teaching

ScienceThe Framework for Teaching is a research-based set of components of instruction, aligned to the INTASC standards and grounded in a constructivist view of learning and teaching. The complex activity of teaching is divided into 22 components (and 76 smaller elements) clustered into four domains of teaching responsibility:
  1. 1.  Planning and Preparation
  2. 2.  Classroom Environment
  3. 3.  Instruction
  4. 4.  Professional Responsibilities
Each component defines a distinct aspect of a domain; two to five elements describe a specific feature of a component. Levels of teaching performance (rubrics) describe each component and provide a roadmap for improvement of teaching. The Framework may be used for many purposes, but its full value is realized as the foundation for professional conversations among practitioners as they seek to enhance their skill in the complex task of teaching.
The Framework may be used as the foundation of a school or district’s mentoring, coaching, professional development, and teacher evaluation processes, thus linking all those activities together and helping teachers become more thoughtful practitioners.


Domain 1: Planning and Preparation
1a Demonstrating Knowledge of Content and Pedagogy
1b Demonstrating Knowledge of Students
1c Setting Instructional Outcomes
1d Demonstrating Knowledge of Resources
1e Designing Coherent Instruction
1f Designing Student Assessments
Domain 2: Classroom Environment
2a Creating an Environment of Respect and Rapport
2b Establishing a Culture for Learning
2c Managing Classroom Procedures
2d Managing Student Behavior
2e Organizing Physical Space
Domain 4: Professional Responsibilities
4a Reflecting on Teaching
4b Maintaining Accurate Records
4c Communicating with Families
4d Participating in a Professional Community
4e Growing and Developing Professionally
4f Showing Professionalism
Domain 3: Instruction
3a Communicating With Students
3b Using Questioning and Discussion Techniques
3c Engaging Students in Learning
3d Using Assessment in Instruction
3e Demonstrating Flexibility and Responsiveness



Observing Classroom Practice (Educational Leadership, November 2012) [Download PDF]

Evaluations That Help Teachers Learn (Educational Leadership, January 2011) [Download PDF]

Correlation of the Framework for Teaching to InTASC Standards [Download PDF]

2011 Framework for Teaching Evaluation Instrument [Download PDF]

2013 Framework for Teaching Evaluation Instrument [Download PDF]


For more information and to view the Teacher Evaluation System Design, visit The Danielson Group.